1898 - Gracie Fields, Vaudeville Performer
1908 - Simone de Beauvoir, Philosopher and Writer (S. de Beauvoir: 1975 Interview (English sub), uploaded by thinkingaloud7189. Accessed January 9, 2016; and Simone de Beauvoir: Life and Philosophy, uploaded by Wes Cecil. Accessed January 9, 2013.)
1913 - Richard Nixon, 37th U.S. President
1941 - Joan Baez, Folksinger and Activist, famous for her protest folk songs in mid-1960s. (J. Baez singing "Blowin' in the Wind," uploaded by Juliogarten. Accessed January 9, 2008.)
1942 - Susannah York, Actress
1951 - Crystal Gayle, Singer
1982 - Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Singer Crystal Gayle
1431 - The Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, which was then under English-occupation government.
1806 - The funeral of Lord Nelson at St Paul's Cathedral in London. Having been preserved in alcohol for the voyage home, his body had been brought up the Thames the previous day, staying overnight in the Admiralty. The cathedral is hung with enemy banners captured at Trafalgar for the occasion. At the service's end, his coffin is lowered into the crypt, secure in an ebony coffin.
1839 - The French Academy of Sciences announces the daguerreotype photography process (named after inventor Louis J.M. Daguerre). It exposes an image directly onto a mirror-polished surface of silver.
1886 - Antonin Dvorak's Symphony No. 2 receives its American premiere by the New York Philharmonic, Theodore Thomas conducting. (Dvorak's Symphony No. 2 performed by the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, with Václav Neumann conducting. Accessed January 9, 2014.)
1894 - New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
1986 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves the instant camera business.
2002 - The U.S. Department of Justice announces it will pursue a criminal investigation of Enron, a major distributor of electricity and gas throughout the U.S., and supplier of other energy infrastructure to the world.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)