1643 - Isaac Newton, Mathematician, Philosopher, famous for Principia. Today, his birthday is celebrated as January 4th. Originally, according to the “old” Julian calendar, he was born on Christmas Day, December 25, 1642.
1710 - Giovanni B. Pergolesi, Italian Composer
1785 - Jakob Grimm, Philologist and folklorist
1809 - Louis Braille, teacher of the blind, inventor of Braille, named after him
1937 - Dyan Cannon, Actress
1881 - Johannes Brahms conducts the premiere of his "Academic Festival Overture" at the University of Breslau, which had conferred on him an honorary doctorate.
1904 - Thomas Alva Edison's movie crew films the electrocution of an elephant in front of a paying audience at Coney Island, New York.
1958 - Sir Edmund Hillary, the first person to reach the top of Mt. Everest, is the first explorer to reach the South Pole since Captain Robert Scott in 1912.
1959 - The Russian Luna 1 becomes the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon.
1972 - Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London.
1981 - Frankenstein, the most expensive dramatic production in Broadway history, opens and closes, losing U.S. 2 million dollars.
2000 - Catherine Hartley and Fiona Thornewill are the first British women to walk across Antarctica to the South Pole. Thornewill and her husband Mike are also the first married couple to make the journey.
2001 - The Gower brothers launch "RuneScape," which becomes one of the most popular online Java-based games in the world.
Bernstein - Academic Festival Overture (Brahms). Uploaded by Canal de rivalXXI. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
5. Isaac Newton Biography. Biography.com. Accessed December 25, 2015.