1860 - Gustave Charpentier, French Opera Composer
1900 - Louis Mountbatten, Viceroy of India
1903 - George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair), Author, English creator of 1984 and Animal Farm.
1945 - Carly Simon, Singer
1963 - George Michael, Singer
1963 - Yann Martel, Author
George Michael, Singer
Carly Simon, Singer
1840 - Felix Mendelssohn's Symphony No. 2 in B flat major, Op. 52, "Lobgesang" (or Hymn of Praise), a symphony-cantata, is first performed, in St. Thomas Church, Leipzig. (Listen to a performance of Mendelssohn's "Lobgesang" conducted by Sir Mark Elder, with Halle Orchestra. Uploaded by Duncan Wilson, from 2009 BBC Proms. (Note: "Lobgesang" or "Hymn of Praise" was composed by Felix Mendelssohn, written in 1840 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the invention of printing, along with the less-known Festgesang "Gutenberg Cantata". The composer's description of the work was 'A Symphony-Cantata on Words of the Holy Bible, for Soloists, Chorus and Orchestra'. Structurally, it consists of three purely orchestral movements followed by 11 movements for chorus and/or soloists and orchestra, and lasts approximately 65--70 minutes. Resource: Wikipedia.org.)
1857 - Gustave Flaubert goes on trial for public immorality. His tragic novel, Madame Bovary, is described as obscene at the time, depicting a woman who embarks on a series of affairs in a search for meaning.