1784 - Karl Thomas Mozart, the second son, and the elder of the two surviving sons, of Wolfgang and Constanze Mozart. He became a gifted pianist, but before he finished his schooling, however, he left for Livorno in 1797 to begin his apprenticeship with a trading firm.
1866 - H.G. Wells, Writer, famous for producing classics of science fiction, with extraordinary insights into the future. His famous works include The Time Machine, The Invisible Man, War of the Worlds, The Shape of Things to Come and The Island of Dr Moreau.
1874 - Gustav Holst, English composer, famous for "The Planets" suite, and whose daughter, Imogen Holst, his biographer, is also a composer.
1931 - Larry Hagman, Actor
1934 - Leonard Cohen, Singer and Songwriter
1947 - Stephen King, Author
1950 - Bill Murray, Actor
1968 - Ricki Lake, Actress and Talk show Hostess
1880 - The International Mozart Foundation is established in Salzburg.
1937 - J.R.R. Tolkien's book The Hobbit is published. Its first print run is a 1,500 copies, but this acclaimed fantasy novel has now been published in more than 38 languages and sold more than 50 million copies.