1304 - Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca), Poet
1797 - Sir Pawel Edmund Strzelecki, Explorer
1919 - Sir Edmund Hillary, Explorer / Mountain Climber
1924 - Robert D. Maurer, Physicist, inventor of the optical fiber
1938 - Dame Diana Rigg, Actress
1938 - Natalie Wood, Actress
1947 - Carlos Santana, Musician / Guitarist
1810 - Independence Day of Colombia. On this day in 1810, Simon Bolivar defied Spain and declared Colombia's independence. Full independence was gained three years later, in 1813.
1944 - Colonel Claus Stauffenberg takes a bomb in a briefcase to a meeting in Hitler's bunker. minutes later, the bomb goes off, but Hitler survives (this is the third assassination attempt on the German dictator's life), while four others die.