July 20 Dateline

Famous Birthdays


1304 - Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca), Poet
1797 - Sir Pawel Edmund Strzelecki, Explorer
1919 - Sir Edmund Hillary, Explorer / Mountain Climber
1924 - Robert D. Maurer, Physicist, inventor of the optical fiber
1938 - Dame Diana Rigg, Actress
1938 - Natalie Wood, Actress
1947 - Carlos Santana, Musician / Guitarist

Lefties:
None known



Historical Events


1810 - Independence Day of Colombia. On this day in 1810, Simon Bolivar defied Spain and declared Colombia's independence. Full independence was gained three years later, in 1813.

1944 - Colonel Claus Stauffenberg takes a bomb in a briefcase to a meeting in Hitler's bunker. minutes later, the bomb goes off, but Hitler survives (this is the third assassination attempt on the German dictator's life), while four others die.

July 19 Dateline

Famous Birthdays


1814 - Samuel Colt, Gun Manufacturer
1834 - Edgar Degas, Artist
1896 - Archibad Joseph Cronin, Novelist and Physician
1947 - Brian May, Musician, Lead guitarist of rock band Queen

Lefties:
None known


Historical Events


64 C.E. - The Great Fire of Rome begins and rages for six days, destroying 3 of the 14 precincts of the city,  and damaging 7 more. Some Romans believe that Emperor Nero lit the fire; he is overthrown four years later.

1545 - The Mary Rose sinks during a military engagement with the French off Portsmouth. About 300 people drown. In 1982, the ship is raised and put in a British museum.

July 18 Dateline

Famous Birthdays


1811 - William Makepeace Thackeray, Writer
1821 - Pauline Viardot-Garcia, Mezzo-Soprano
1902 - Jessamyn West, Writer
1918 - Nelson Mandela, Former South African President
1921 - John Glenn, Astronaut (5th man in space) and former US Senator. By 2007, he is still the oldest man to have gone into space, reaching the orbit in 1998 at the age of 77.  
1933 - Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Writer and Political Activist
1947 - Steve Forbes, Businessman and Politician
1950 - Sir Richard Branson, Entrepreneur

Lefties:
Businessman/Politician Steve Forbes
Author Jessamyn West


Historical Events


1814 - Matthew Flinders' book A Voyage to Terra Australis is published, in which he advocates using the name "Australia" for  the southern continent. He dies the following day.   

1898 - Marie Curie and husband Pierre Curie announce they have discovered a new, highly unstable chemical element, which they call polonium after Marie's homeland, Poland. It is the first element discovered by radioactive analysis.

July 17 Dateline

Famous Birthdays


1889 - Erle Stanley Gardner,  Writer and lawyer, famous as creator of Perry Mason
1899 - James Cagney, actor
1902 - Christina Stead, writer
1917 - Phyllis Diller, comedienne
1920 - Juan Antonio Samaranch, former chairman of the IOC
1935 - Donald Sutherland, actor
1935 - Peter Schickele, American Composer and Arranger
1947 - Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, wife of Prince Charles of Great Britain.
1952 - Phoebe Snow, singer
1954 - Angela Merkel, German Chancellor 

Lefties:
None known

Historical Events


1717 - George Frideric Handel's Water Music is performed on a barge at an aquatic fete on the Thames River for King George I. (Here's a video of Water Music performed by the English Baroque Soloists, with John Eliot Gardiner. Youtube, uploaded by jmymusik, accessed July 17, 2017)

1762 - Catherine the Great becomes Empress of Russia nine days after her husband, Tsar Peter III, is strangled in his bedroom in a prison fortress.