1842 - Ambrose Bierce, Writer and Satirist
1901 - Harry Partch, American Composer
1915 - Fred Hoyle, Mathematician and Astronomer
1930 - Claude Chabrol, Film Director
Below is a video of Arthur Bliss's Cello Concerto, op.120 (1970). In three movements: I. Allegro deciso, II. Larghetto, and III. Allegro. Tim Hugh, violoncello, with English Northern Philharmonia, conducted by David Lloyd Jones. (Cover image: painting by Herbert James Draper.) Thanks to YouTube and uploader Wellesz Modern.
1314 - The Bannockburn Day, where the battle in 1314 ends. Robert I of Scotland known as Robert the Bruce, defeats the English forces under Edward II.
1340 - The Battle of Sluys, with thee fleet personally led by Edward III, takes place at sea, the first battle of the Hundred Years' War against the French. He also goes on to win the Battle of Crecy six years later, supporting his claim to France and establishing sovereignty over the English channel.