1580 - Thomas Middleton, Dramatist
1590 - Ahmed I, Emperor of the Ottoman Empire
1882 - Leopold Stokowski, Conductor
1907 - Miklos Rozsa, Composer best known for film scores, including Ben-Hur, Spellbound, Quo Vadis, and The Thief of Baghdad (Rozsa Documentary)
1922 - Barbara Hale, Actress, famous as Della Street, Perry Mason's Secretary
1950 - Grigory Sokolov, Russian Concert Pianist (Grigory Sokolov, A Conversation That Never Was: A documentary by Nadezhda Zhdanova)
1969 - Princess Sayako (Sayako Kuroda), Japan
One of Miklos Rozsa's famous compositions based on the music he wrote for Hitchcock's psychological thriller 1945 American film Spellbound. Directed by Alfred Hitchcock, it tells the story of the new head of a mental asylum who turns out not to be what he claims. The film stars Ingrid Bergman, Gregory Peck, Micahel Chekhov and Leo G. Carroll. It is an adaptation of the novel The House of Dr. Edwardes (!927). Performance: Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra, conducted by the composer Rozsa himself with Leonard Pennario, pianist, in 1960. (Resource: en.wikipedia.org)
1906 - An earthquake hits San Francisco measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale. More than 3,000 people die and almost 300,000 are left homeless due to the quake itself and fires that resulted.
1958 - Poet Ezra Pound is released from an insane asylum on orders from the U.S. Federal Court. The American expatriate had been brought back to the U.S. from Italy to face charges of treason, but he was imprisoned on the basis of insanity due to "a gandiosity of beliefs."
1980 - Rhodesia formally becomes the Republic of Zimbabwe, with Rev. Dr. Canaan Banana as its first President.
2002 - A new order of carnivorous insects called Mantophasmatodea (common name, Gladiators) is classified, becoming the first new order of insects since 1914.
"Spellbound" Concerto - Miklos Rozsa (1907 - 1995). YouTube, uploaded by amuggle15. Accessed April 18, 2017.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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