1599 - Oliver Cromwell, English Lord
1908 - Edward R. Murrow, Journalist
1917 - Ella Fitzgerald, Jazz Singer
1940 - Al Pacino, Actor
1945 - Bjorn Ulvaeus, Singer
1969 - Renee Sellweger, Actress
Broadcast journalist Edward R. Murrow
Giacomo Puccini's opera Turandot
Below is the famous "Nessun dorma" from Turandot most famously interpreted by the late tenor Luciano Pavarotti. YouTube, uploaded by noé èon. Accessed April 25, 2018.
Turandot Links for Listening:
Puccini: Turandot. Montserrat Caballé - Luciano Pavarotti. Chailly 1977. YouTube, uploaded by ENCOREPAPAGENO. Accessed April 25, 2017. Artists: Montserrat Caballé. Calaf: Luciano Pavarotti. Liù: Leona Mitchell. Timur: Giorgio Tozzi. L'imperatore: Raymond Manton. Ping: Dale Duesing. Pang: Rémy Corazza. Pong: Joseph Frank. Un Mandarino: Aldo Bramante. Tre Principesse: Pamela South, Carol Vaness, Gwendolyn Jones. Conductor: Riccardo Chailly. San Francisco. November 4, 1977.
Turandot. An Opera by Giacomo Puccini. The Opera 101. Accessed April 25, 2017.
1859 - The construction of the Suez Canal in Egypt begins. The 101-mile-long (162.5 km) artifical canal allows ship access from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea, rather than having to sail around Africa's Cape of Good Hope.
1881 - Gilbert and Sullivan's operetta Patience is first staged, in London.
1898 - The United States declares war on Spain with the goal of ousting Spanish leadership in Cuba.
1898 - William S Porter enters the Ohio penitentiary to begin serving a sentence for embezzlement. He will later become known by the pen name O. Henry (American short story writer.)
1915 - ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) Troops land in Gallipoli. Anzac Day marks the anniversary of the campaign that led to major casualties for Australian and New Zealand forces during WWI. The soldiers are known as Anzacs. ANZAC Day remains one of the most important national occasion of both countries, and cmpelling as they share the same remembrance in facing life struggles together.
The Battle of Gallipoli began this day in 1915 on what now is known as Anzac Cove, Turkey. While the British troops landed at Cape Helles, the ANZACs were to alight at "Z Beach" which is a site north of Gaba Tepe on the Aegean coast. Unfortunately, plans got in disarray when they landed 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of the target location, before dawn of April 25. The pitch darkness with sheer ravines and rough terrain, the troop practically ran straight into the enemies hail of bullets. About 1/3 of the total ANZAC forces sent to the battle of Gallipoli died, with 8,709 Australians and 4,852 New Zealanders.
1926 - Giacomo Puccini's last opera Turandot (with the last scene completed by Franco Alfano) is produced posthumously at La Scala Milan.
1983 - Soviet leader Yuri Andropov invites and American schoolgirl to visit the U.S.S.R. after reading her letter outlining her fear of nuclear war. She accepts and becomes American's youngest Ambassador.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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