1743 - Thomas Jefferson, Third U.S. President
1892 - Sir Arthur "Bomber" Harris, Commander-in-Chief of Royal Air Force during WWII.
1906 - Samuel Beckett, Irish avant-garde Novelist, Playwright, Theatre Director, Poet, who lived in Paris for most of his adult life. Nobel Prize in Literature 1969. Beckett Quote: "Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter.Try again. Fail again. Fail better."
1909 - Eudora Welty, Writer (The Optimist's Daughter and One Writer's Beginnings)
1923 - Don Adams, Actor
1939 - Seamus Heaney, Writer and Nobel Laureate
1950 - Ron Perlman, Actor
1963 - Garry Kasparov, Chess Player
Author Samuel Beckett
Actor Ron Perlman
Author Eudora Welty
1742 - G.F. Handel's oratorio Messiah is first performed, in Dublin. It's been a carried-over custom of the audience standing during the "Hallelujah Chorus" for whatever reason transpired during its first London performance. And who won't be carried away by its grandeur! It's a tradition that our Sydney Philharmonia Choirs perform it every other year at the Sydney Opera House. Last year, 2017, our performance was conducted by Elizabeth Scott, the first woman-conductor to do so at the SOH. Here's a link to Handel's Messiah performed by our Sydney Philharmonia Choirs in 2015, for the first time incorporating the AUSLAN Sign Language.)
1829 - Roman Catholics are granted freedom to practice their religion in Britain.
1873 - More than 100 African Americans are killed in what is known as the Colefax Massacre, when more than 300 armed white men clash with militant African Americans over the outcome of a local election in Louisiana.
1943 - The 200th anniversary of third U.S. President Thomas Jefferson's birth is commemorated with a dedication ceremony for the Jefferson Memorial in Washington D.C.
1945 - German SS and Luftwaffe troops kill more than 1,000 prisoners of war (POW) near the town of Gardlegen in Germany.
1964 - Sidney Poitier becomes the first African American actor to receive an Academy Award for his role in Lilies of the Field. It was his second nomination.
1989 - Israeli soldiers attack Arab villagers on the West Bank, killing six Palestinians. in May it is found that the Israeli Army violated regulations.
1997 - Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win the Master Tournament. Eldrick "Tiger" Woods, born on Dec 30, 1975, was not only the youngest player to win, but did so with a record margin of 12 strokes, 3 more than the previous record holder. by the end of the 1997 PGA season, he had also broken the record for earnings mad in a single season - more than U.S. $2 million. In June 2000, he beat his own record by winning the U.S. Open by a 15-stroke margin. He was the world's number -one golfer for a record 264 weeks.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)