January 15 Dateline

Famous Birthdays


1622 - Molière, Playwright
1906 - Aristotle Onassis, Businessman, shipping magnate
1908 - Edward Teller, Physicist, known as the "Father of Hydrogen Bomb"
1909 - Elie Siegmeister, American Composer, Teacher, Writer, and Conductor
1913 - Lloyd Bridges, Actor
1926 - Maria Schell, Actress
1929 - Martin Luther King, Jr., American Civil Rights Leader

Leftie:
Civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr.


Historical Events


1790 - Fletcher Christian and the Bounty mutineers land on Pitcairn Island in the Pacific burning their ship in 'Bounty Bay.' They remain undiscovered until 1808, when an American whaling ship stops at the island.

1797 - The first top hat is worn in London. Haberdasher James Hetherington is fined 50 Pounds  for wearing it and causing a breach of the peace.

1890 - Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet Sleeping Beauty is first staged in St. Petersburg. (Below is a performance by the London Symphony Orchestra, with Pierre Monteux conducting.)





1974 - Happy Days premieres on ABC in the US. Between 1974 and 1984, the television show Happy Days characterized the relationship dynamics, day-to-day living of the Cunningham family, a middle-class midwestern American family in the 1950s. With highly successful spin-off shows including Laverne and Shirley and Mork and Mindy, Happy Days became one of the longest-running primetime program in television history. It aired for 11 seasons.  

2001 - The free-content and multi-lingual website Wikipedia goes public. It is written collaboratively by volunteers.


Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968)

Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American civil rights leader who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He was born in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, on January 15, 1929. His father was a Baptist minister and so was his grandfather. He was married with two sons and two daughters. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1948.

Originally planned to become a doctor of medicine, he decided instead to become a minister, receiving a BA in Theology. He graduated with a PhD in Boston University, and began taking seriously philosophy of non-violence. In effect, he became a strong advocate of Mahatma Gandhi, known for Non-Violence discipline. He became politically active.


In April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, in support of a sanitation workers' strike. He is well-known for his great 1963 speech: "I have a dream that one day this nation will one day rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed ..."

There is a US public holiday in his honor, "Martin Luther King Day" - the third Monday in January.



Video Credit:
Tchaikovsky - Sleeping Beauty - Full HQ.  YouTube, uploaded by Ionanna Pianissimo. Retrieved January 15, 2017.


Image Credits:

Happy Days:  IMDB.com

Martin Luther King, Jr.,  en.wikipedia.org / public domain



Resources:
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)

(c) 2007-2018. Tel Asiado. Inspired Pen Web. All rights reserved.

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