1454 - Amerigo Vespucci, Italian merchant navigator and adventurer, by which the name America is coined.
1737 - Josef Mysliveczek, Opera Composer and friend of Mozart
1892 - Vita Sackville-West, English Novelist, Poet, Critic
1910 - Samuel Barber, American Composer
1934 - Yuri Gagarin, Cosmonaut, first man to travel in space.
1943 - Bobby Fischer, Chess grandmaster, arguably the greatest chess player.
1964 - Juliette Binoche, actress, artist and dancer.
1074 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates married priests from the Catholic Church.
1796 - French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais in a civil ceremony.
1842 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Nabucco is first performed, in Milan's La Scala.
1877 - P. Tchaikovsky's symphonic fantasy Francesca da Rimini, is first performed, in Moscow.
1932 - Eamon De Valera is elected President of the Irish Free State. He also declares he will sever ties with he British crown.
1945 - The U.S. launches B-29 bombers against Japan.
1959 - Barbie (R) goes on display for the first time at a children's toy shop fair in New York. It was the idea of Ruth Handler, a founder of the Mattel toy company.
1967 - A daughter of Joseph Stalin, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to the West. She seeks asylum in the U.S. Embassy in India.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
(c) 2007 - 2017. Tel Asiado. Written for Inspired Pen Web. All rights reserved.