1785 - Louis XVII of France
1851 - Vincent d'Indy, French Composer and Writer
1863 - Sir Henry Royce, Founder of Rolls-Royce
1868 - Patty Smith Hill, Songwriter, Creator of our endeared "Happy Birthday" song
1924 - Sarah Vaughan, Jazz Singer
1927 - Mstislav Rostropovich, Cellist
1942 - Michael York, Actor
1952 - Maria Schneider, Actress
1963 - Quentin Tarantino, Film Director
Prince Louis XVII of France
1306 - Robert the Bruce is crowned king of Scotland and begins to fight for Scottish independence. England recognizes Scotland as a separate nation in 1328, one year before his death.
1625 - James I, King of England and Scotland, dies and Charles I becomes King. He also claims the throne of France, though the French ignore him. His reign is fraught with religious and political conflict, resulting in civil war. He believed that he had a "divine right" to rule, that his power is granted by God. He lost the English Civil War.
1745 - G.F. Handel's oratorio Belshazzar is first performed in London.
1905 - Fingerprint evidence is used for the first time in Britain to solve a murder case, that of Ann and Thomas Farrow who had been killed when their shop was robbed. Alfred Stratton's thumbprint was found on their cashbox.
1958 - Nikita Khrushchev, already the Soviet First Secretary, becomes the Premier of the U.S.S.R., and so now holds the two two offices.
1973 - Sacheen Littlefeather, a young Native American woman, goes on stage at the 1973 Academy Awards to reject the award for Best Actor in The Godfather on behalf of Marlon Brando in protest at Hollywood's treatment of her people.
1989 - NATO gives an ultimatum to Yugoslavia's President Slobodan Milosevic, warning that Serbian military positions will be adopted if he does not withdraw Serbian troops from Kosovo.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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