1599 - Sir Anthony Van Dyck, Painter
1887 - Chico Marx, Comedian
1923 - Marcel Marceau, Mime artist
1930 - Stephen Sondheim, Composer and lyricist
1931 - William Shatner, Actor
1943 - George Benson, Musician
1948 - Andrew Lloyd Webber, Composer
1976 - Reece Witherspoon, Actress
Featuring the music of two great composers of musicals: Stephen Sondheim (1930) and Andrew Lloyd Webber (1948):
Judi Dench - The Definitive "Send in the Clowns - South Bank Show 1995. The video features Dame Judi Dench on the South Bank Show in 1995, which centers around her appearance in the revival of Stephen Sondheim's A Little Night Music. Its a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by Hugh Wheeler. Inspired by the Ingmar Bergman film Smiles of a Summer Night, it involves the romantic lives of several couples. The profile ends with this performance of the ever popular "Send In The Clowns."
Phantom of the Opera Live - 1988 Tony Awards. The Phantom of the Opera musical is composed by Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Charles Hart, with additions from Richard Stilgoe. It is based on the French novel Le Fantôme de l'Opéra by Gaston Leroux. Its central plot revolves around Christine, a beautiful soprano, who becomes the obsession of a mysterious, disfigured musical genius living in the subterranean labyrinth beneath the Palais Garnier.
1457 - The Gutenberg Bible, the first printed book, is published. It is named after the inventor of the printing press, Johannes Gutenberg.
1834 - Horace Greeley and Jonas Winchester establish a weekly literary and new journal, the New Yorker.
1895 - Louis Lumiere, a French industrial chemist, and his brother Auguste show their first motion picture to an invited audience.
1956 - Martin Luther King, American civil rights leader, is convicted of organizing a boycott of buses in Alabama after a black woman was arrested for refusing to give up her seat for a white woman.
1965 - The U.S. Government confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong in the Vietnam War.
1977 - Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, resigns after her defeat in the elections two days earlier. She is succeeded by Moraji Desai, leader of the Janata Party.
1979 - Sir Richard Sykes, British Ambassador to the Netherlands, is assassinated. Police later find the IRA responsible.
1979 - The Israeli Parliament approves a peace treaty with Egypt.
1993 - Intel introduces the Pentium processor #80586.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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