1133 - Henry II of England, First Plantagenet King
1850 - Edward Bellamy, Novelist
1867 - Arturo Toscanini, Conductor
1881 - Bela Bartok, Hungarian Composer and Pianist. With Zoltan Kodaly, Bartok collected folksongs extensively. (Enjoy a recording of his Concerto for Orchestra (here) or Pinchas Zukerman playing Bartok's Violin Concerto No. 2, First Movement, Allegro non troppo [Part 1/4], with Los Angeles Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta conducting - here.)
1928 - James Lovell, Astronaut
1934 - Gloria Steinem, Feminist
1942 - Aretha Franklin, Singer
1943 - Paul Michael Glaser, Actor
1965 - Sarah Jessica Parker, Actress
1947 - Elton John, Singer and songwriter
Astronaut James Lovell
Actor Paul Michael Glaser
Actress Sarah Jessica Parker
1807 - The British Parliament passes the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act, banning the trade of human beings throughout the empire.
1957 - France, West Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg sign the Treaty of Rome to form the European Economic Community.
1969 - John Lennon and Yoko Ono begin their first "bed-in for peace" in Amsterdam.
1975 - King Faisal of Saudi Arabia dies. when King Faisal bent forward on the previous day to greet his nephew, Prince Musaed, the mentally unstable prince drew a pistol and shot the King in the head.
1996 - Five days prior, the British Government admits there is a link between bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), a similar disease in humans. On this day, the European Union bans the import of British beef products.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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