March 31 Dateline

Famous Birthdays

1596 - René Descartes, Philosopher
1732 - Franz Joseph Haydn, Composer
1914 - Octavio Paz, Poet and Critic, best known for The Other Mexico and The Bow and the Lyre 
1934 - Shirley Jones, Actress
1943 - Christopher Walken, Actor
1948 - Al Gore, Jr., Former U.S. Vice-President 
1971 - Ewan McGregor, Actor

Actress Shirley Jones
Former Vice-President Al Gore, Jr.

Listen to Haydn's Hob III:49 - String Quartet Op. 50. 50 No. 6 in D major. YouTube, uploaded by ComposersbyNumbers. (Accessed March 31, 2017). Although famous for his orchestral works, Haydn was also the first master of the string quartet, a teacher of both Mozart (his young friend) and Beethoven, for a brief period.

Historical Events

1814 - Paris surrenders to Russian and Prussian forces, the first time the city ha been taken by foreign forces in 4 centuries. Deserted by most of his generals, Napoleon Bonaparte is forced to abdicate on April 6 and is taken into exile on Elba on April 20.

1889 - The Eiffel Tower is officially opened. Gustave Eiffel, its designer, climbs the 1710 stairs to unfurl the French flag from the third level.

1901 - The Daimler automobile company unveils the first Mercedes. It was made for Emile Jellinek, Consul-General for the Austro-hungarian Empire, who names it after his daughter.

1901 - Antonin Dvorak's opera Rusalka is first staged, in Prague.

1991 - The Warsaw Pact ends after 36 years. The Soviet Bloc alliance had begun to crumble after peaceful anti-Communist revolutions in 1989.


1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)

(c) 2007-2018.  Tel Asiado.  Inspired Pen Web.  All rights reserved.

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