1571 - Michael Praetorius, German Composer, Organist, and Music Historian/Theorist, who also died the same day, in 1621 (video: Praetorius: Danses di Terpsichore. Accessed Feb. 15, 2018.) He was one of the most versatile composers of his age, being particularly significant in the development of musical forms based on Protestant hymns
1564 - Galileo Galilei, Astronomer and Physicist
1820 - Susan B. (Brownell) Anthony, American social reformer and women's rights activist, famous for The History of Woman Suffrage
1856 - Emil Kraepelin, Psychiatrist who differentiated schizophrenia and manic-depressive illness.
1861 - Alfred North Whitehead, Mathematician and Philosopher
1874 - Ernest Shackleton (Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton), British polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. (Documentary on the Endurance, a documentary on Sir Shackleton's trip to reach the south pole. Uploaded by historical-oracle. Accessed February 15, 2015.)
1882 - John Barrymore, Actor
1899 - Georges Auric, Composer and Member of "Les Six" group of French Composers associated with Jean Cocteau and Erik Satie. Before turning 20 years old, he had orchestrated and written incidental music for several ballets and stage productions, and also became a distinguished film composer. Here's "The Song from Moulin Rouge" (also known as "Where Is Your Heart"), a popular song that first appeared in the 1952 film 'Moulin Rouge.'
1907 - Cesar Romero, Actor
1931 - Claire Bloom, Actress
1946 - Marisa Berenson, Actress
1947 - John Coolidge Adams, Composer
1951 - Jane Seymour, Actress
1951 - Melissa Manchester, Singer-Songwriter and Actress
1954 - Matt Groening, Cartoonist
Cartoonist Matt Groening
Singer Melissa Manchester
399 B.C.E. - The Athenian philosopher Socrates is tried and sentenced to death.
1868 - Piotr Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 1, "Winter Dreams," is first performed in Moscow.
This is one gem of a symphony by Tchaikovsky that I love which I think is underrated. Below, I'm sharing one performed by MRSO, Alte Oper Frankfurt, with Vladimir Fedoseyev, conducting. Great ensemble. Flawless intonation, technique and phrasing. Conductor is in perfect communication with the orchestra, little direction he uses, yet on queue with every measure, and the orchestra knows. Certainly, brilliantly rehearsed.
1879 - U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court.
1903 - Morris Michtom and his wife Rose introduce the first teddy bear in the U.S..
Image Source: kkguru.com
1936 - Adolf Hitler announces the building of Volkswagens for the German people.
1965 - A red-and-white maple leaf design is adopted as the flag of Canada, replacing the old Canadian Red Ensign banner.
1971 - Decimal currency is introduced in Great Britain for the first time. Sixpences remain legal tender until 1980.
1989 - The Soviet Union officially announces that all troops have left Afghanistan, ending nine years of military conflict.
2003 - Protests against the Iraqi War take place worldwide.
Tchaikovsky Symphony No. 1 Gm "Winter Daydreams." YouTube, uploaded by Mikael Kenner. Accessed February 15, 2017.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
(c) Tel Asiado, written for Inspired Pen Web. All rights reserved.