1516 - Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. After the death of her half-bother, Edward VI, she's next in line to become queen of England and Ireland. Referred to as "Bloody Mary," she's a devout Catholic. Her struggle between her equally ruthless sister Elizabeth tears the realm apart in religious war. Although she's married to Philip II of Spain, she has no heirs, paving the way for her sister to come to power.
1741 - Andre Gretry, French opera Composer
1828 - Jules Verne, Author
1851 - Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, Short-story Writer and Novelist
1920 - Lana Turner, Actress
1925 - Jack Lemmon, Actor and Film Director
1931 - James Dean, Actor
1932 - John Williams, Composer and Conductor, famous for film music
1938 - Elly Ameling, Dutch Soprano (Listen to her sing Richard Strauss's Four Last Songs (complete with text). Live in 1982, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Sawallisch conducting. The songs are "Frühling" (Spring), "September", "Beim Schlafengehen" (When Falling Asleep) and "Im Abendrot" (At Sunset). The title 'Four Last Songs' was provided posthumously by Strauss's friend Ernst Roth, who published the four songs as a single unit in 1950 after Strauss's death in September 1949.
1940 - Ted Koppel, Journalist
1941 - Nick Nolte, Actor
1955 - John Grisham, Novelist
John Williams broke through to win his first Academy Award for his film score in the 1971 film Fiddler on the Roof. Below are excerpts from the movie sound track, conducted by John Williams with the Los Angeles Philharmonic at the Hollywood Bowl - September 2, 2006.
1587 - Mary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded, accused of plotting against her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1874 - Modest Mussorgsky's opera Boris Godunov is first staged at the Imperial Opera House in St. Petersburg.
1904 - Jean Sibelius's Violin Concerto is first performed in Helsinki, Finalnd.
1924 - The first state of execution in the U.S. using gas takes place in Nevada State Prison.
1969 - Just after midnight, a large meteorite scatters several tons of material over a massive area of Chihuahua, Mexico. Named after the closest village, Allende, the meteorite is dated at 4.5 billion years old.
1998 - Female ice hockey is played in the Olympics for the first time.
John Williams - Excerpts from Fiddler on the Roof (Bock.) YouTube, uploaded by Green Tleaf. Accessed February 8, 2017.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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