100 B.C.E. - Gaius Julius Caesar, Roman politician and general
1730 - Josiah Wedgwood, Pottery Manufacturer
1817 - David Henry Thoreau, Writer and Philosopher
1861 - Anton Arensky, Russian Composer
1884 - Amedeo Modigliani, Artist
1885 - George Butterworth, English Composer
1895 - Oscar Hammerstein II, Lyricist, Librettist, Theatrical Director and Producer, most especially known for the fame Rodgers & Hammerstein Musical Partnership
1934 - Van Cliburn, American Concert Pianist,first American to win the Tchaikovsky Prize in Moscow (1958)
1937 - Bill Cosby, Actor and Comedian
1543 - King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, who survives him and marries again.
1776 - Captain James Cook sets sail from Plymouth on the Resolution, beginning his third and final voyage of discovery.
1794 - Admiral Horatio Nelson loses his right eye at the Siege of Calvi in Corsica.
1957 - American Surgeon General Leroy E. Burney announces that there is a direct link between lung cancer and smoking.
1946 - Britten's chamber opera The Rape of Lucretia is first staged, at Glyndebourne, England.
1990 - Soviet President Boris Yeltsin resigns from the Communist Party, splitting it between conservatives and radicals, sparking demonstrations against the party.
2005 - Prince Albert II becomes ruler of the Principality of Monaco as the three-month period of mourning after his father's death ends, and a week after he acknowledged his illegitimate son.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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