1573 - Inigo Jones, Architect
1606 - Rembrandt van Rijn, Painter
1915 - Gavin Maxwell, Writer and Naturalist
1919 - Iris Murdoch, Writer
1930 - Jacques Derrida, Philosopher
1933 - Julian Bream, Guitarist
1934 - Harrison Birtwistle, English Composer
1946 - Linda Ronstadt - Singer
This day is also known as "St. Swithin's Day." Swithun (old English name or Swithunus in Latin) was an Anglo-Saxon bishop of Winchester, subsequently patron saint of Winchester Cathedral. His historical importance as bishop is overshadowed by his reputation for posthumous miracle-working. When his bones were moved to a shrine in Winchester Cathedral on this day in 971 AD, it rained for the next 40 days.
1799 - Captain Pierre-Francois Bouchard, a soldier in Napoleon's army, finds the Rosetta Stone in the Egyptian village of Rosetta near Alexandria. the stone proves to be key to deciphering Egyptian Hieroglyphics.
1869 - Hippolyte Mege Mouries wins a competition held by Emperor Napoleon III to find a synthetic edible fat by inventing margarine. He names margaron, it after the Greek word for pearl because of its pearly luster.
1974 - Archbishop Macarios, the President of Cyprus, is overthrown in a Greek-backed nationalist coup in Nicosia. On July 20, Turkey invades the island due to fears of a Greek takeover. This leads to the division of Cyprus in August.
1995 - Amazon.com opens for business in Seattle, U.S. Amazon.com, one of the first and largest online retailers, started selling books. The first book, Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the fundamental Mechanisms of Thought by Douglas Hofstadter, was sold this day. Amazon.com is founded by Jeff Bezos, also the firm's CEO. The company name reflects the volume of titles available, that is, around 1 million compared to the largest bookstores. And more, and important to worldwide readers and customers, is that Amazon provides access to obscure books that could be difficult to be found in an ordinary bookstore. Customers are also invited to review books they have read on the Amazon site. Amazon.com eventually branched out into selling other products and services.
1997 - Designer Gianni Versace is murdered outside his home in Miami by Andrew Cunanan, whom he had never met. Eight days later, Cunanan is found dead, shot with the same gun.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
(c) 2007-2017. Tel Asiado. Written for Inspired Pen Web. All rights reserved.