1745 - Carl (Karl) Philipp Stamitz, German Composer, is baptized in Mannheim
1846 - Oscar Hammerstein I, Playwright and Opera Impressario (grandfather of the famous American librettist Oscar Hammerstein II, of the Rodgers and Hammerstein duo in the musical world)
1884 - Harry S. Truman, 33rd U.S. President
1899 - Friedrich August von Hayek, Economist
1906 - Roberto Rossellini - Film Director
1937 - Thomas Pynchon, Novelist
1940 - Peter Benchley, Writer
1964 - Melissa Gilbert, Actress
Author Peter Benchley
Former President Harry S. Truman
Featuring: Composer Carl Philipp Stamitz.
Carl Philipp Stamitz, born in Mannheim, was a German composer of partial Czech ancestry, a prominent representative of the second generation of the Mannheim School. He was the eldest son of Johann Stamitz, a violinist and composer of the early classical period. He received lessons from his father and Christian Cannabich, his father's successor as leader of the Mannheim orchestra.
Stamitz was employed as a violinist in the court orchestra at Mannheim in his youth. In 1770, he began travelling as a virtuoso, accepting short-term engagements, but never managing to gain a permanent position. He visited a number of European cities, living for a time in Strasbourg and London. In 1794, he moved with his family to Jena in central Germany, but his circumstances deteriorated and he descended into debt and poverty, dying in 1801. Papers on alchemy were found after his death. Stylistically, his music resembles that of Mozart and is characterized by appealing melodies. The opening movements of his orchestral works, in sonata form, are generally followed by expressive and lyrical middle movements, and final movements, in rondo form. (Source: en.wikipedia.org)
C.P. Stamitz: Flute Concerto in C major, Op. 29, and notes by Matthew Lynch, here.
1660 - The late Charles I's son is proclaimed King of England, ending 11 years of civil war.
1924 - Arthur Honegger's symphonic movement Pacific 231 is first performed in Paris, Koussevitzky conducting.
1945 - VE Day. Victory in Europe Day as German forces surrender after six years of the bloodiest war in history. Allied countries including Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, U.S. and Russia lost more than 60 million men, women and children in this war.
1963 - Sean Connery appears as James Bond in Dr. No, the first installment in the Bond Film.
1967 - Muhammad Ali, champion boxer, is indicted for refusing induction into the U.s. Army.
1970 - Gunther Schuller's children opera The Fisherman and His Wife, after Grimm's fairy tale, is first performed in Boston.
1980 - The World Health Organization (WHO) declares that smallpox has been eradicated almost two hundred years after Edward Jenner discovered the vaccination for the disease.
1984 - The Soviet Union announces it will not participate in the Summer Olympics planned for Los Angeles.
1996 - A National Constitution is approved by South Africa that guarantees equal rights for all races.
Carl Stamitz - Viola Concerto in D-major, Op.1. YouTube, uploaded by Kuhlaudilfeng4. Accessed May 8, 2017. (Viola: Ulrich Koch, Orchestra: Collegium Aureum, and Conductor: Franzjosef Maier)
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon and Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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