1734 - Franz Anton Mesmer, Physician and Hypnotist
1883 - Douglas Fairbanks, Actor
1908 - John Bardeen, scientist and Nobel Laureate (twice)
1923 - Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish Pianist and Interpreter of Spanish Music
1951 - Anatoli Karpov, World Chess Champion
1958 - Drew Carey, Actor, Comedian and Game Show Host
Actor and Game Show Host Drew Carey
1785 - Benjamin Franklin writes to a friend announcing his invention of bifocals.
1814 - Ludwig van Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio, is staged successfully in Vienna, after the third and final revision.
1826 - Wolfgang A. Mozart's opera Don Giovanni has its American premiere at New York's Park Theater.
1949 - The Federal Republic of [West] Germany officially comes into existence with Bonn as the capital.
1958 - Mao Zedong starts his ironically titled "Great Leap Forward" movement in China.
1990 - Neil Bush, son of one U.S. President (George W.H. Bush) and brother of another (George W. Bush), testifies about the collapse of the Silverado Savings and Loan. The main reason for the company's demise is believed to be the fact that two of Bush's associates failed to repay loans totaling more than $130 million.
1996 - South Korean officials confirm that a North Korean pilot flew his unarmed MIG-19 jet to South Korea, becoming the first North Korean pilot to defect since 1983.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timestables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
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