1757 - Ignaz (Joseph) Pleyel, Austro-French Composer, Music Publisher and Piano Manufacturer. Trained in music while still a very young child, he was sent in 1772 to Eisenstadt to become a pupil and lodger of Joseph Haydn. He later claimed a close, warm relationship had existed between them, and there is evidence of Haydn's esteem for his student’s compositional talents in the overture (or at least the first two movements) of Haydn's puppet opera Das abgebrannte Haus, generally accepted as being Pleyel’s work.(Pleyel's Symphony in C major, Op.66 (1803). Performed by the London Mozart Players, with Matthias Bambert, conductor. Updated by KuhlauDelfing2. Accessed June 18, 2015. Suggested reading: Pleyel symphonies, a review from Gramophone.)
1845 - Alphonse Laveran, Physician, 1907 Nobel Laureate in Medicine
1903 - Jeanette MacDonald, Actress and Singer
1932 - Dudley Herschbach, Chemist, 1986 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
1942 - Sir (James) Paul McCartney, English Singer-Songwriter of the successful pop group, The Beatles, Multi-Instrumentalist, and Composer. He gained worldwide fame as the bass guitarist and singer for the rock band the Beatles, widely considered the most popular and influential group in the history of popular music. (One all-time favourite from Sgt Peppers Lonely Heart's Club Band, "When I'm Sixty Four". Provided by Universal Music Group. Accessed June 18, 2019.)
1942 - Thabo Mbeki, former President of South Africa
1952 - Carol Kane, Actress
1961 - Alison Moyet, Pop Singer
Songwriter/Singer Paul McCartney
To celebrate Sir Paul McCartney's birthday, here's one favourite song "Yesterday" by their famous English rock band, the Beatles. The song is written by him (credited to Lenon-McCartney), first released on the album Help! in the UK, in August 1965. (Accessed June 18, 2016)
1429 - Joan of Arc, French religious military leader, leads troops to a victory of the English at the Battle of Patay, turning the tide of the Hundred Years' War.
1791 - Wolfgang A. Mozart composes the Motet Ave verum corpus in D for choir, orchestra and organ, K.618.(Listen to to this immortal sacred music performed by Chor und Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Leonard Bernstein conducting - here. )
1812 - The U.S. declares war against Great Britain, invading the British North American Territories. The war of 1812 ended in a stalemate, but led to the formation of Canada as a nation.
1821 - Carl Maria von Weber conducts the first performance of his opera Der Freischütz, Op. 77, J. 277 (Der Freischuetz), at the new Berlin Opera Theatre. (Anyone interested, I featured the Overture of Der Freischütz in 'November 18 Dateline', the composer's birthday anniversary - here - performed by the NHK Symphony Orchestra, conducted by an admired Australian conductor Simone Young. No bells & whistles, but simply heartwarming, lovely performance of a favourite C.M. von Weber's work!
1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated at Waterloo, on a field on which he had strategic advantage, by an international army under the command of the Duke of Wellington. It was the final destruction of Napoleon's second attampt after escaping from the Island of Elba. The Duke of Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, is in command of around 93,000 allied forces. He was also supported by 117,000 Prussians under Marshal Gebhard von Blucher.
1928 - Aviatrix Amelia Earhart flies across the Atlantic Ocean as a passenger, the first woman to make the trip in an aircraft.
1940 - Fresh from the miracle retreat at Dunkirk, Winston Churchill rallies Britain against the Nazis with his "Finest Hour" speech.
1979 - World leaders U.S. President Jimmy Carter and U.S.S.R. President Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT II pact, limiting nuclear arms.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon and Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
5. Ignace Joseph Pleyel. Britannica.com
6. Wikipedia. en.wikipedia.org.
(c) June 2007. Updated 2019. Tel. Inspired Pen Web. All rights reserved.