Stephen Hawking and Emily Balch

Science Datebook: January 8

Scientists Stephen Hawking and Emily Balch


Two scientist-thinkers born 8th of January, political scientist and sociologist Emily Balch, and physicist and mathematician Stephen Hawking.

Emily Green Balch (January 8, 1867 - January 9, 1961),  was an American political scientist and sociologist, who shared the 1946 Nobel Peace Prize, a leader of women's movement for peace.  E. G. Balch profile:   "Emily Greene Balch - Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 8 Jan 2016.

Stephen W. Hawking (b. January 8, 1942), is a British theoretical physicist and mathematician famous for his theory of exploding black holes, drawing on relativity theory and quantum mechanics. His works include the popular science blockbuster A Brief History of Time. Born in Oxford, England, Hawking studied physics at Oxford University and astrophysics at Cambridge University. Much of his research has examined the interplay between general relativity and quantum mechanics. In 1974 he derived one of his most famous results, in which he found that quantum effects near a black hole's event horizon will lead to the black hole's emission of blackbody radiation. Hawking is also a popularizer of science. His 1988 book A Brief History of Time remains one of the most successful attempts to make modern cosmology accessible. He told an interviewer how he would like to be regarded: "As a scientist first, popular science writer second and, in all the ways that matter, a normal human being with the same desires, drives, dreams and ambitions as the next person." More Hawking information: www.hawking.org.uk/

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