August 15 Dateline

Famous Birthdays


1771 - Sir Walter Scott, Scottish Poet and Novelist  (A brief profile, YouTube, uploaded from World Thought Leaders / Top Influencers. Accessed 15 August 2018.) Here is one of Sir Walter Scott's famous works: The Lady of the Lake, YoutTube, uploaded by Eric Masters. Accessed 15 August 2018.)
1772 - Johann Nepomuk Maelzel, German inventor of metronome and other music automatons.
1769 - Napoleon Bonaparte, French Emperor
1785 - Thomas De Quincey, English essayist, best known for Confessions of an English Opium-Eater. 
1875 - Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, English Composer
1890 - Jacques Ibert, French Composer and former Director of the Academy of Rome
1925 - Aldo Ciccolini, Italian Pianist
1950 - Princess Anne, English Royal
1972 - Ben Affleck, Actor

Lefties:
None known

Featured Composer:   Samuel Coleridge-Taylor
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (August 15, 1875 - September 1, 1912), was an English composer and conductor who was mixed-race, with an English mother, and father, a Sierra Leone Creole physician. He achieved such success that he was referred to by white New York musicians as the "African Mahler" the time when he had three tours of the United States in the early 1900s. He was best known for his three cantatas based on the epic poem, "Song of Hiawatha" by American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Coleridge-Taylor premiered the first section in 1898, at the age of 22.  He married an Englishwoman, Jessie Walmisley, and both their children had musical careers. Their son Hiawatha adapted his father's music for a variety of performances, and their daughter Avril Coleridge-Taylor also became a composer-conductor. (Further suggested listening: A Samuel Coleridge-Taylor Tribute. A short tribute to the English composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875-1912) with contributions from his daughter, Avril Coleridge-Taylor (recorded in 1974), and excerpts from Hiawatha's Wedding-Feast, The Death of Minnehaha and the Violin Concerto, Op.80.) 




Historical Events


1843 - Tivoli Gardens opens in Copenhagen, Denmark. It's one of the oldest amusement parks in the world.

1877 - The first sound recording is made when Thomas Edison says, "Mary had a little lamb" into his phonograph.

1914 - The Panama Canal opens to seafaring traffic, with its construction representing one of the most ambitious projects in history.

1945 - Japan surrenders, bringing World War II to an end.Three months after Adolf Hitler committed suicide, nine days after an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, and six days after Nagasaki, Japan's Emperor Hirohito announced that Japan had surrendered to the Allies. His acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration ended the World War II, the deadliest war in history.


Video Credit:

Samuel Coleridge-Taylor and His Music in America, 1900-1912.  Youtube, uploaded by LongfellowChorus. Accessed August 15, 2017.


Resources:


1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)
5. Samuel Coleridge-Taylor. en.wikipedia.org. Accessed August 15, 2017.


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