Austrian composer, one of the most prolific and prominent of the Classical period. He was known as the 'Father of the Symphony.'
Franz Joseph Haydn was born on March 31, 1732, in Rohrau, Austria. The son of a wheelwright, he went to St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna as a chorister. He was mainly self-taught in composition however gained maturity as a composer. He wrote many symphonies and string quartets. Haydn was married to Maria Anna Aloysia Apollonia Keller (m. 1760–1800.) His younger brother, Michael Haydn was also a composer.
In 1761, his young friend Mozart was then five years old, Haydn took employment with the Esterhazy family, a post he held for the rest of his life. On the death of Prince Nikolaus in 1790, he accepted an invitation to go to England from the impresario Salomon, where he composed many symphonies.
Pianist Martha Argerich performing Haydn's Piano Concerto in D major, Hob. XVIII:11. YouTube, uploaded by Roberto Carvalho de Magalhães. Accessed February 9, 2018. (Added info from Hyperion for those who want to know more about this concerto by Haydn - Here.)
Known affectionately as 'Papa' Haydn even to his young friend Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. He was also a teacher of Ludwig van Beethoven for a brief period. Haydn is also famous for his oratorio "The Creation" (German: Die Schöpfung) and "The Seasons" (German: Die Jahreszeiten.)
His compositions include: The Creation, Symphony No. 94, Trumpet Concerto, The Seasons, String Quartets, Op. 76, Symphony No. 45, Deutschlandlied, Symphony No. 104, Piano Sonata No. 52 in E-flat major, Cello Concerto No. 1, Missa in Angustiis, The Seven Last Words of Christ, String Quartets, Op. 20, Symphony No. 101, London symphonies, Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser, Cello Concerto No. 2, Missa in tempore belli, Symphony No. 103, Symphony No. 100, String Quartets, Op. 33, Misa brevis Sancti Joannis de Deo, Symphony No. 88, Symphony No. 92 "Oxford", Lo speziale, Il mondo della luna, Piano Trio No. 39, Theresienmesse, Mass No. 12 in Bb major, Orlando paladino, Symphony No. 49, Symphony No. 22, Symphony No. 44, Symphony No. 99, Symphony No. 102, Stabat Mater, Sinfonia Concertante, Paris symphonies, Symphony No. 95, Symphony No. 96, Violin Concerto No. 1, Variations in F minor, Symphony No. 6, Symphony No. 82, La vera costanza, Armida, L'isola disabitata, Symphony No. 60, Symphony No. 93, Symphony No. 85, Symphony No. 83, and many more…
He died in Vienna, May 31, 1809.
Chambers Biographical Dictionary, Ninth Edition. (2011). Chambers.
Sadie, Stanley, Ed. (1994). The Grove Concise Dictionary of Music. Macmillan Publishers.
F. Joseph Haydn, en.wikipedia.org. Public Domain. March 31, 2014.
Note: I wrote and published a longer version of this biography for Suite101.com (publishing media now close) in 2008.
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