1912 - Pope John Paul 1
1915 - Arthur Miller, Playwright, famous for Death of a Salesman, and also All My Sons and The Crucible.
1918 - Rita Hayworth, Actress
1920 - Montgomery Clift, Actor
1938 - Evel Knievel, Daredevil
1972 - Eminem, Rapper / Musician
1604 - German astronomer Johannes Kepler discovers the last supernova in the Milky Way in the constellation Ophiuchuc and calls it Kepler's Star.
1761 - Christoph W. Gluck's ballet Don Juan opens successfully in Vienna.
1831 - Felix Mendelssohn's Piano Concerto No. 1 is first performed, in Munich.
1930 - France announces the creation of the Maginot Line, a defence of concrete and machine-gun positions against German invasion. The Germans, unfortunately, go round it by invading Belgium first.
1967 - The rock musical "Hair," created by James Rado and Gerome Ragni, opens on Broadway.
1978 - Marian Anderson, American contralto and one of the most celebrated singers of the twentieth century, is presented a Congressional Gold Medal by U.S. President Carter at a White House ceremony in Washington.
1979 - Mother Teresa is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her services to humanity as leader of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity.
2003 - Taipei 101 becomes the world's tallest building, taking over from Kuala Lumpur's (Malaysia) Petronas Twin Towers.
1. Asiado, Tel. The World's Movers and Shapers. New Hampshire: Ore Mountain Publishing House (2005)
2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 19th Ed. London: Chambers Harrap, 2011
3. Dateline. Sydney: Millennium House, (2006)
4. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History, New 3rd Revised Ed. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone (1991)